Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is derived from a patient’s own blood. A simple blood sample is processed in a quick, in-office procedure to increase the concentration of platelets in the plasma. Platelets are components of the blood that play essential roles in recovery from injury. When an acute injury occurs, they burst and release clotting factors, which quickly act to reduce blood loss. However, in addition to releasing clotting factors, they also release a potent cocktail of growth factors that promote healing. PRP has been used by doctors to promote healing of many parts of the body. Dentists have also realized the potential of PRP in promoting more rapid, more complete recovery after dental procedures.
How is PRP Prepared?
A normal blood sample is obtained from the patient. The blood is then placed in a centrifuge that spins the blood rapidly and separates out the various components. The red and white blood cells are removed, leaving behind plasma and platelets, which are basically small packages of essential clotting and growth factors. The Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) can then be used in the site that needs to heal or it can be turned into a gel that can be used to coat implants before placement.
How is PRP Used in Dentistry?
Many dental procedures are actually minor surgical procedures. Placing implants, re-implanting teeth that have been knocked out, extracting teeth that cannot be saved, periodontal procedures for gum disease, performing bone grafts to rebuild the mouth structure, and necrosis of the jaw have all been shown to benefit from the application of PRP.
What are the Benefits of PRP?
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) applied during dental procedures dramatically speeds healing of the area, rebuilds gum tissue, and promotes bone growth. Discomfort and recovery time after any type of oral surgery can be reduced. Some studies suggest that PRP can accelerate healing 6-fold of both soft tissues and the bone. Bone loss following extraction of a tooth is a serious problem in dentistry. After extraction of a tooth, the wound needs to heal before an implant can be placed, and rapid bone loss during this period may make it difficult to impossible to place a stable implant. PRP application after tooth extraction can prevent bone loss during this period and speed healing of the site.
Learn More During a Dental Appointment